Cystoscopy is the most common office procedure performed by urologists. A cystoscopy is basically looking inside the urethra and bladder with a scope and is performed for a variety of reasons but most commonly as part of the evaluation of blood in the urine (hematuria) to rule out a bladder tumor.

The procedure is performed in the office and takes just a few minutes. After prepping the urethra, anesthetic jelly is placed into the urethra for several minutes and then the scope is placed into the bladder.

After a cystoscopy, a one-time antibiotic dose is often administered to help prevent infection. There may be some burning or discomfort with urination for a day or so after a cystoscopy but in general, cystoscopy is very well tolerated.